India since ages has been known to be an agrarian country as nearly 60% of its population is dependent on agriculture for living. During the mid-1960s, India suffered a shortage of agricultural products that later on led to the green revolution that revolutionized the agricultural sector. India not only was able to fulfill the demands of countrymen but it also exported many agricultural goods for profits to other countries. In the present time as well, India’s agricultural export amounts to $33.87 billion as of 2017. This amounts to 10.5% of total export that Indian does.
The Indian government has taken many steps since the last 70 years to boost agriculture and agricultural exports and that is the reason why agriculture sector had a growth rate of around 2.7% in the last 50 years. According to the 2018 Economical Survey, agriculture is set to grow at 2.1%. Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently announced that his government is making policies to ensure that by the year 2022, the income of farmers see a double growth. The major method to do so is to boost agriculture exports.
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India exports various agricultural products and few of them are mentioned below who have the highest export value. I have created this list of most exported agriculture products with the help of government websites like APEDA and DATA.GOV.IN
Agriculture Products Export List – 2016 – 2017 – 2018
- Basmati Rice
- Non-Basmati Rice
- Fresh Vegetables
- Fresh Fruits
- Processed Fruits & Juices
- Cereal Preparations
- Misc Processed Items
- Alcoholic Beverages
- Processed Vegetables
- Dairy Products
- Other Cereals
- Cocoa Products
- Sheep/Goat Meat
- Milled Products
- Poultry Products
- Fruits / Vegetable Seeds
- Animal Casings
- Processed Meat
- Other Meat
Basmati Rice and Non-Basmati Rice:
India is a leading exporter of Basmati rice to the world. In FY 2016-17, India exported 400480 MT of Basmati rice of price Rs 21605 crores. Saudi Arabia, UAE, Iran, Iraq and Kuwait have been the largest importer of Indian Basmati rice that accounts to nearly 45%.
India exported 4305592 MT of non-basmati rice to the world in the year 2016-17. Benin was the largest importer of Non-Basmati rice. Nepal, Senegal, Guinea and Iraq are the other top importers. The total amount of export was Rs 1027510 lakhs.
During the FY 2016 – 2017, India exported Rs 5922 crores of fresh vegetables to the world. The major countries to which India exports fresh vegetables are UAE, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, UK, etc.
India exported fresh fruits worth Rs 4448.88 crores in the year 2016-17. India is the largest producer of bananas, Papayas, and mangoes. Countries like Pakistan, Qatar, Sri Lanka, UAE, etc. are top importer of Indian fresh fruits. Though the global share of India is only 1%.
India exported a total of 725703.35 MT of ground nut to the world in 2016-17 that earned India Rs 544433 lakhs. Indonesia was the largest importer of Indian Ground nut 185902 MT costing Rs 144495 lakhs. Vietnam, Pakistan, Philippines, etc. are the other top exporters.
Processed Fruits and Juices:
Export of processed fruits and juices have increased to multi fold this year from previous year. In 2017, export grew by 8.3% with a total export of $460 million from previous years $425 million. Clearly, India has focused more on processed fruits and juices rather than fresh fruits which has seen decline.
India also exports cereals and cereal preparations that includes biscuits, corn flakes, bread, etc. India exported 340873.188 MT of cereal preparations to the world in FY 2016-17 with the profit of Rs 3572.61 crores. USA, UAE, Nepal, etc. are the top most importer of cereal preparations from India.
India exported a total of 419948.39 MT of Guargam in the FY 2016-17 to the world with a total cost of Rs 310662.07 lakhs. USA was the largest importer with 178001.42 MT of import followed by Norway, China, Russia and Germany.
Miscellaneous Processed Items:
India is also an exporter of miscellaneous processed items like tomato sauce, pan masala, jiggery, etc. India exported 283265 MT of such goods with a total cost of Rs 2570.48 crores in FY 2016-17. USA, Nepal, UAE, Bangladesh and Australia are the top importers of such products.
India exported a total of 231333 MT of alcoholic beverages to the world earning Rs 2000.63 crores in FY 2016-17. The major exporting countries were UAE, Ghana, Nigeria, Singapore, and Netherlands. Alcoholic beverages include whisky, Rum, wine, coke, etc.
Processed Vegetable export from India from April to December 2017 was $197 million which has saw 3.9% growth in comparison to last year for the same period. India pushed more on processed vegetables rather than fresh vegetables because fresh veg saw a fall in export while processed veg export in taking lead.
Dairy products include butter, milk, milk powder, ghee, etc. that are exported worldwide. India exported 39398.62 MT of dairy product gaining Rs 910.45 crores in the FY 2016-17. Major export destinations were Pakistan, UAE, Nepal, Bhutan, etc. India is the undisputed leader of dairy production in the world.
Other cereals include Bajra, bucj wheat, great, maize, jowar, and etc. that are exported worldwide. India exported 168641.80 MT of other cereals gaining Rs 395.83 crores in the FY 2016-17. Major export destinations are Kenya, Nepal, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan.
Processed meat like Sausage and canned meat, preserved meat of bovine animal, preserved meat and meat juices. India exported 140.90 MT of processed meat earning Rs 4.58 crores in the FY 2016-17
Animal casings include guts of animals, bladder of animals, stomach of animals, and other such things. India exported 173.24 MT of Animal casings for Rs 13.84 crores in the FY 2016-17. Turkey, Portugal, Albania, South Africa and Lebanon are the major export destination of animal casings.
India is the largest producer of pulses in the world. India exported 124883.94 MT of pulses for Rs 1140.13 crores in the FY 2016-17. Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Algeria and United Arab Emirates are the top importers of pulses.
Cocoa and its products are basically produced in Southern India like Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. India exported 25700.18 MT of cocoa product to the world gaining Rs 1089.99 crores for the FY 2016-17. Hong Kong, Saudi Arabia, United States and UAE are the top importers of cocoa products from India.
India is one of the leading producers of poultry products like chicken and egg. With 449527.49 MT of poultry product export, India is one of the largest producers earning Rs 531.65 crores in the FY 2016-17. Oman, Russia, Saudi Arabia Maldives and Indonesia are the top importers of poultry products exported from India.
India is the 2nd largest producer of wheat in the world. Wheat is mainly produced in the Northern India. India exported 265909.25 MT of wheat to the world at the cost of Rs 448.4 crores in the FY 2016-17. United Kingdom, Somalia, Nepal, UAE and Bangladesh are the top importers of Indian wheat.
Milled products include flour from wheat, rice, maize, millets, etc. India is one of the leading producers of milled products. In the FY 2016-17, India exported 256607 MT of milled products. From these exports India gained Rs 818 crores by exporting milled products to United Kingdom, United States of America, United Arab Emirate, and Canada.
There are lot more agricultural products that are exported from India giving India a trade surplus against many countries. There are lot more opportunities in India for agricultural export from many other products. With few amendments and processing, agricultural export can be easily maximized.