Solar Energy is the prime topic which is being discussed by the scientist in the recent past due to the present condition of the coal and other non-renewable resources of energy being on the verge of extinction. In India, the condition is worse because of the over and every growing population whose demands is many times more than the supply of the power in the country.
So in a country where 72% of the population living under the rural belt with half of these population living without any electricity due to the below level production of energy or political biases or even due to the geographical locations, the need for solar energy is there and it is there with a lot of importance. Solar energy can actually change the scenario of India and highlights its core potential.
Present and Future of Solar Energy In India
Almost 3000 hours of sun rays are received in India because of its strategic location on the earth and it can serve to light up the whole of the country if used properly. These sunshine hours can produce up to 5 thousands trillion kilowatt hours of electricity which is enough to run the country on a whole. The country is a tropical one, there is the huge scope of producing solar energy and the ones who are thinking of setting up a business out of this notion must understand that the source and the resource are in abundance but the usage is to be wise.
The most important parts of the country which can contribute to the most of the solar energy production are the states of West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, MP, and Punjab. The rural areas in these states can be used to produce the huge amount of solar energy which can not only light up those areas but remaining parts of the country as well.
The future of solar energy production and businesses in India seems very bright as there are already many projects which are being implemented or in the pipeline. The Thar Desert is estimated to produce near about seven hundred to twenty-one hundred GW of electricity from the solar energy and it is because of the few best and top solar power projects being built in that area.
In Gujarat, there is the largest solar power plant project which has been started since 2014. There are various government proposals and initiatives for building a nation with solar energy and producing many more watts of solar energy by the next five to ten years. Gujarat is one of the most important states which is giving goals to other states in producing solar energy and it individually aims at producing thousands of watts of this energy from the largest solar plant.
By 2020, there is a plan of producing 20GW of solar energy and this project started in the year 2009 with an investment of nineteen billion dollars. There are different other aspects of this as well which are like the applications or the products for the use of solar energy like solar pumps for water, lanterns of solar energy and even the street lights can run on this energy.
Opportunities in the field of Solar Business
Solar energy is not just a business that you can make a profit out of it but it is an initiative to make India bright and to enlighten Indian cities and the population. So, here are some of the major business opportunities which are discussed in brief which one can invest their money into if they want to get into this industry of solar power.
1. Selling Solar Products:
There are lots of solar products which are already in the market or going to be launch in the market real soon with the development of the solar energy projects. So, if you want to start your own solar business, the first idea is to sell products which are required for the use of solar energy or production.
For example, solar attic fans, solar PV, solar thermal systems, solar pumps, solar lights, even solar chargers and many other solar products are there which you can sell in retail market or take the dealership and distribute amongst the retail businesses.
2. Manufacturing Solar Products:
If you are not that good at selling products and you have knowledge about how to produce or manufacture them, it is the right time to start investing in your idea then. You can start producing solar panels, power grids, general products like mentioned above which will use the solar energy etc. It might seem a huge investment to start manufacturing business of solar products but in reality, the market is exponentially growing and the thus invested amount can be recovered real soon.
3. Invest in the Solar Projects or Develop your Own:
If you have the knowledge of the solar energy production or you have the money to hire the best solar consultants, you can start your own solar plant in which you will also receive government aids and grants. You can also invest in other’s solar project and earn a return on the same.
4. Sell Information about Solar Products:
Manufacturing and selling products are two different things and the one thing which comes in between these two is selling information about these products. SO, with the help of the internet, you can sell the information of these products and earn a commission.
5. Provide Consultation on Solar Energy Usage:
If you have studied and have deep knowledge of the solar energy usages or production, you can encash your knowledge.
6. Servicing Solar Products:
The last but one of the most important solar business ideas within small investment horizon is setting up a business which will provide maintenance and repairing services to the solar products.
Solar panel installation business
If you are planning to start solar panel installation business then here are the facts and figures:
- Total Investment Cost: It depends on the scale of your business but normally you can start with an investment of INR 5 lacs to 10 lacs.
- Types of Solar Panels: There are different types of solar panels from three to three hundred watts and the price of each varies accordingly.
- Franchise: If you want to sell the solar panels only, then you can take up a franchise of the big solar panel producing companies which is available against an amount of around 1 lac in India as of now.
- Marketing: Once you have taken the franchise of the solar panel manufacturing company now you can market your products and since you are taking a franchise of a renowned brand, people already might be aware of the solar products of this company so your marketing expenses won’t be much.
- Appointing Solar Panels and Power Consultant: For the installation purpose, you would need to appoint employees who are experienced in the installation of the solar panels. There must be consultant and workers who will do the field job according to the instructions provided by the consultant.
Solar plates manufacturing a business opportunity
- License: You would need to obtain a license for setting up a manufacturing unit of the solar panels in India.
- Certification: There is state-wide certification of the solar panels businesses which you need to acquire for the production and sale of the panels.
- A Proper eye-catching business model: It is the key to get investment from the investor to start your solar panel or plates manufacturing company. It will also help you get the government aids.
- Training and Recruitments: You need to hire and recruit solar energy experts, workers and others. The workers have to be trained for the job duly so that there is no hassle at work.
- Advertise Solar Plates: Finally, once the production starts and even before it, start advertising the solar panels online and offline to grab the market.
Government subsidies in the solar business
In India, the main government aid or initiative was taken in the field of solar energy production and business is the “Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission” (JNNSM) which aims at producing 20 thousands Megawatt of solar energy by the end of 2022. This can cover twenty million square meters of area for collecting solar energy. The initiative has been divided into three phases.
There is another scheme or Government Yojana – Solar Energy Subsidy Scheme which helps in increasing the reach of the use of the solar panel. It doesn’t help the manufacturers but the users of the solar panels. It subsidies the energy consumptions of the people who have solar panels installed in their home.
SECI Project is another one which is for the production of the rooftop solar panels on a large scale basis. It is for the channelization of the government aids in the right direction for the proper manufacturing and installation of the solar grids across the rooftops of the people who want them.
If you want to start a solar business, then this is the perfect time to invest the money in it as the market is growing every day and the demands are growing with the depleting non-renewable energy resources and growing importance of renewable energy resources.