Traditional agricultural practices were sufficient in growing quality crops with high productivity. However, with the extensive growth of crops, the requirement of modern techniques has become necessary. With the advent of industrialization, the agricultural sector has suffered tremendously. There was a backward shift in the progress of this sector, slowly declining in productivity. Thus, it became essential to focus on the various strategies to uplift the already sinking industry.
The introduction of new technologies agriculture sector has helped boost-up the productivity level, along with an improvement in cost and labor employed. Here we will be discussing some of the technological advancements made in this sector that have provided an overwhelming result in the agriculture industry. These technologies have made a great impact on the agriculture sector by helping to improve the quality and productivity of agricultural produce.
Here are some modern technology used in agriculture for enhancing productivity:-
1. Information Technology in Agriculture
The entry of Information Technology has sparked the progress of the agricultural sector. The most important contribution of Information Technology has been the weather forecast reports. It has helped the farmers be better prepared and gives them a heads-up if any natural calamity or heavy rainfall is to occur in the near time. Information Technology also gathers information and keeps track of the market prices, seasonal changes or drifts, local demand for goods, cultivation tricks, and useful techniques, among many others that have proven useful in the past.
The use of Information Technology and modernization have not only proven useful for agricultural fields but farmers too. It has helped them stay updated with the latest trends and techniques used in farming. They are aware of new applications that have been developed to help make farming easy, which is one of the most positive signs of Information Technology.
2. Data Accumulated From Soil
With the agricultural soil quality getting contaminated and depleted by the day, the farmers need to understand the quality of the soil. But how would they do so with the traditional method of farming? It is where the modern-day technology of accumulating the data from the soil and producing them as actionable information for the farmers comes into play. For farmers to make informed decisions, it is necessary to understand the nature of the soil. The capacity of land and soil to yield productivity depends on its sustainability and availability. Thus, to understand the land and to analyze its future productivity, the farmers need to learn more about the past and present state of the land.
For this, the soil data is accumulated, and soil maps are prepared, to provide access to various farmers and agriculturists to study the soil capacity so that sustainable agriculture can be initiated.
3. Nanotechnology in Agriculture
The advent of nanotechnology is a great success in the entire field of science. It has made several discoveries and inventions possible. The study of nanotechnology has produced amazing results in the field of agriculture too. Right after it entered into the agricultural sector, the results are improving at a tremendous rate. Nanotechnology works with nanoparticles to produce effective results.
In agriculture, nanotechnology has made tremendous progress and is used for several reasons. They make the crops healthier than before. They involve a scientific approach that has to be analyzed by biological experts only. They require a certain amount of skills and knowledge to be administered. The nanoparticles used in farming are sprinkled across the field as pesticides and fertilizers at appropriate times.
They are released into fields after conducting thorough research about the land and are responsible for growing healthier crops and disease-free for consumption. With the help of skillful professionals with thorough knowledge of nanotechnology and its use in agriculture farmers can grow better quality crops that are not just good for selling to the customers, but also, are great for the wellbeing of the customers.
4. Precision Farming
Different crops have different requirements when it comes to soil and weather conditions. Thus, growing a random crop in a random soil will not only affect the yield of the crop but also, the quality of the soil after the harvest (if at all). Modern-day technology can overcome such challenges and ensure that the farmers are perfectly sure which soil is suited for which crop.
Precision Farming is a new technique that uses satellite maps and computers to boost crop yields and reduce waste by creating and analyzing a match between crop, fertilizer, and crop protection applications to local soil conditions. It helps in increasing productivity, efficiency, profitability and keeps malnutrition of the crops under check.
5. GPS Technology in Agriculture
The use of GPS in the navigation sector has produced amazing results. It has been possible because GPS provides easy access to places that were hard to reach. The use of GPS systems in agriculture has a somewhat similar feature and benefit. It has contributed tremendously to Site-specific Farming and Precision Farming.
The main aim of this technology in agriculture is to allow the farmers in zero-visibility areas to continue their work. It has been a major issue in zero-visibility to monitor work when there is heavy rainfall, fog, or dust. GPS contributes to the daily functioning of farming activities when such situations arise. GIS is also an effective tool, like GPS that helps in the smooth functioning of ineffective farming.
There are some uses of GPS and GIS technologies that we should know about. They are farm planning, field and yield mapping, tractor guidance, soil sampling, crop scouting, and variable-rate applications, among others.
Nanotechnology, GPS, and Information Technology are some of the most important introductions in the field of agriculture. Apart from these, other technologies are also being used in the market. Let’s take a look at some of the other technologies.
6. Sensors- Soil and Water
Soil and Water sensors are an economical option for farmers who cannot afford Nanotechnology, or other highly equipped and costly technological advancements. These low-cost sensors help detect the nitrogen level and moisture content in the soil and crops, among other beneficial and necessary conditions. It helps the farmers to plan and schedule their crops’ water requirements. When a crop lacks the necessary water requirement, this sensor identifies it and the farmer can then take the necessary actions to restore its water level.
These sensors also have an added benefit which has kept them in high demand in the market. Along with identifying the soil productivity and water requirements of the crops, these also decide the use of fertilizers. This gives the farmers the time to manage and distribute their fertilizers effectively.
7. Agricultural Robots
As its name suggests, Agricultural Robots is a technological advancement where robots are employed in the fields. The productivity level of the field and crops increases due to the excess intelligence programmed in the robots and also because they have the required skill to work at a faster pace. The tasks of these robots consist of processing the seeds till planting them. They are also capable of detecting errors and solving them without much problem.
The use of agricultural robots has no doubt increased the productivity of the crops and has lessened the need to employ more labor. However, the need for human labor is always a must in a field, though less in number. No amount of robots or automated farms can handle the daily chores of a farm better than human labor. It can be said that agricultural robots are the best helping hand when it comes to increasing the efficiency of the land.
8. Minochromosol Technology
The concept of Minichromosol Technology is very much similar to the workings of a cell. Cells are minute entities that exist in our bodies. Our body is made up of millions of cells. There are numerous particles inside a cell, one of which is a chromosome. These chromosomes are responsible for genetic development in our bodies. A chromosome may be a small entity or particle, but it holds a lot of significance. They decide the traits in our bodies.
Minochromosol Technology takes the help of chromosomes to yield better crop results. It is an innovation that has attracted a lot of customers in this market and is growing at a faster pace. With the help of this, scientists are now capable of creating their traits and inducing them into the chromosomes of the crops. This has helped many farmers yield great profits and has helped save crops from getting infected or deficient.
9. Drones in Agriculture
Drones have become a useful technology in the agricultural sector in the past few years. With the help of these, farmers now have access to analyze their crops’ status from a higher level. It helps them in defining their crop’s biomass, heigh, water saturation level, among many others. It also keeps a check on insect invasion, which can be prevented by spreading insecticides on insect-prone areas with the help of drones.
They provide valuable and accurate data that are often useful in preventing further damage to crops. The use of drones for spreading insecticides also protects the livelihood from getting exposed to unwanted chemical substances.
10. Centre Pivot in Irrigation
Irrigation has been one of the most effective technological advancements in the agricultural sector. It has yielded amazing results and continues to do so. Irrigational practices are sustainable. It aims at conserving the resources while also providing an adequate amount of water to the crops.
Centre pivot is a type of irrigation technology that has ranked first in providing efficient results. Not to forget, it is more suitable for flat terrain. It is also relatively less costly than other technologies.
Mankind is shown time and again that there is no path leading to success that does not involve the incorporation of modern-day technology. With the advancement of technology, things have become simpler for one and all. When all the other industries are taking up technological intervention for their growth and to overcome challenges, why should the agriculture industry stay behind? We have discussed some nuances of the intervention of technology in the agricultural sector and how it is a booming industry in the present scenario. There are many other small and large interventions of technology in agriculture. Involving it only eases the different processes in the industry.